“Polysupplement” in Bodybuilding

“Polysupplement” was derived from a pharmacy term called “Polypharmacy”.  Polypharmacy is defined as the use of several drugs or medicines together in the treatment of disease, suggesting indiscriminate, unscientific, or excessive prescription. The term is used when too many forms of medication are used by a patient, more drugs are prescribed than clinically warranted, or even when all prescribed medications are clinically indicated but there are too many pills to take (“pill burden”). “Polysupplement” therefore refers to the use of multiple supplements by a bodybuilder or anyone who uses them to achieve his/her fitness goals even when all the supplement are not warranted. The common result of polypharmacy/polysupplement is increased adverse drug reactions and higher costs.

At risk demographic groups

Patients at greatest risk of polypharmacy consequences include the elderly, psychiatric patients, patients taking five or more drugs concurrently, those with multiple physicians and pharmacies, recently hospitalized patients, individuals with concurrent comorbidities, despondent celebrites, and those with impaired vision or dexterity. People at risk of polysupplement consequences include bodybuilders, fitness athletes, and anybody who depend on multiple supplements to gain a competitive advantage in whatever sporting activity they’re engaged.

Over the years, I have seen too many bodybuilders, fitness athletes, and “gym goers” who take more pills (up to 10 to 30 pills a day!!!) everyday than their elderly grandparents. This leads me to ask this question: Aside from the increased adverse drug reactions and higher costs of polysupplement, who is really stronger and healthier, the young bodybuilder or his elderly grandmother?

In my opinion, if you take more pills than your grandma, your grandma is actually stronger and healthier than you. Dietary supplements are suppose to be used to do just that, “supplement” (not to replace) your diet. If you need to add multiple supplements to your training regimen, you probably should consider adjusting your eating habit and use “supplements” to tie up loose ends. However, if you feel your eating habit is great but you still need multiple supplements, you should probably see your Doctor for an evaluation, because you could need more than just tons of dietary supplements. You should also probably consider spending your money on “premium” supplements only, because all those supplement you are taking may be poor quality and ineffective and therefore not worth damaging your liver and kidneys over.

Adverse reactions and interactions

Contrary to popular belief, supplements, when consumed (by mouth or injected) take the same physiological or biology path as any prescription or over-the-counter medication. They are metabolized and excreted by the liver and/or kidney, therefore supplements can cause the same problems as prescription medication if they are abused or used excessively.

Like every medication, all supplements have potential adverse side-effects. With every supplement added, there is an additive and/or exponential risk of side-effects. Many supplements have potential interactions with other substances. Doctors and pharmacists aim to avoid prescribing medications that interact; often, adjustments in the dose of medications need to be made to avoid interactions. My goal is to educate or advice my fellow “bodysculptors” about the potential problems of “polysupplement” and to avoid “unnecessary” use of multiple supplements.

I welcome any comments, suggestions, and/or objections anyone may have concerning this article. Thanks for your time, and remember to use premium supplements to “Sculpt Your Masterpiece”™

 

 

Disclaimer: This information is provided for informational purposes only, and is not meant to be a substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or for prescribing any medication or dietary supplement. You should carefully read and follow all product packaging and labeling instructions. You should consult with a health care professional before starting any diet, exercise, or supplement program. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you. Information and statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. KOFLEX SPORTS NUTRITION is not responsible for typographical errors.

Protein Myths and Reality

There are lots of misconceptions out there about the body’s protein needs. We hope this tip provides some clarity on the issue.

-Protein doesn’t build muscle–exercise does! True, protein plays a key role in helping the muscles repair and rebuild once a workout has taken place. But you won’t gain any muscle mass simply by eating protein. You’ve got to strength train on a regular basis.

– Most of us don’t need to eat extra protein if we start exercising more. For most people who work out, 0.5 to 0.75 grams of protein per pound of body weight is plenty (e.g., 75 to 115 grams for a 150-pound person). Most of us get more than our required amount without even trying. And high-performance athletes, such as bobybuilders, who do have higher protein needs (0.6 to 0.9 grams per pound), usually get ample amounts because they’re eating higher quantities of food anyway.

– Although you don’t need large amounts of protein, you should eat it frequently throughout the day. Protein should be part of almost every meal and snack. (One key exception: anything eaten within an hour before exercise should have just carbohydrates and no protein.).

 

 

Disclaimer: This information is provided for informational purposes only, and is not meant to be a substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or for prescribing any medication or dietary supplement. You should carefully read and follow all product packaging and labeling instructions. You should consult with a health care professional before starting any diet, exercise, or supplement program. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you. Information and statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. KOFLEX SPORTS NUTRITION is not responsible for typographical errors

 

Should you eat Brown Rice or White Rice if you are trying to cut calories or lose weight?

Unless the taste and texture of brown rice make you eat less, there is no difference and here is why:

Brown rice and white rice have similar amounts of calories, carbohydrates, and protein. The main differences between the two forms of rice lie in processing and nutritional content. Brown rice is simply white rice that has not had the brown-colored bran covering removed. When only the outermost layer of a grain of rice (the husk) is removed, brown rice is produced. So brown rice is considered a whole grain. Since brown rice still has the bran intact, it has more fiber than white rice. One cup of brown rice has 3 1/2 grams of fiber while the same amount of white rice has less than one gram of fiber. You need from 25 to 38 grams of fiber in our diet every day. Brown rice also contains nutrients like magnesium, manganese, and zinc. White rice has reduced levels of these nutrients, but is often fortified with iron, and some B vitamins. One mineral not added back into white rice is magnesium. Cooked long grain brown rice contains 84 mg of magnesium while one cup of white rice contains 19 mg.

To produce white rice, the next layers underneath the husk (the bran layer and the germ) are removed, leaving mostly the starchy endosperm. Several vitamins and dietary minerals are lost in this removal and the subsequent polishing process. Among other key sources of nutrition lost are small amounts of fatty acids and fiber that may help lower cholesterol and cause less constipation. A part of these missing nutrients, such as Vitamin B1, Vitamin B3, and iron are sometimes added back into the white rice making it “enriched”, as food suppliers in the US are required to do by the Food and Drug Administration.

As you can see, brown rice indeed has a superior nutritional content compared to white rice. However, if the reason you’re choosing brown rice over white rice is to lose weight and/or cut calories, I suggest you save your money and more importantly stick to your somewhat better tasting white rice. Like everything else, just eat rice (brown or rice) in moderation.

 

Koflex Reminder

Remember to take your multi-vitamins everyday this week.

Tip to help you lose weight

Eat slowly to decrease your urge to get seconds and try to leave some food on your plate. Less calories can help you lose weight and keep you fit.

MyoZest Breakfast Smoothie 

Here’s a good breakfast smoothie recipe:

SHOPPING LIST

  • MyoZest
  • Banana
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • (Or Berry Mix)
  • Almond/Peanut butter
  • Yogurt
  • Almond or Soy Milk

Directions

Freeze a banana and a cup of berries overnight and in the morning, blend it with 1/2 cup yogurt, one scoop of MyoZest, Almond butter, Almond/Soy Milk and ice until it’s smooth. ENJOY!

Use this recipe for a healthy meal replacement to help you lose weight faster!!

Print Recipe

DRUG VERSUS DIETARY SUPPLEMENT

What happens to Drugs and/or Nutritional Supplements after ingestion?

 

  • DEFINITIONS:
    • DRUG: In pharmacology, a drug is defined as “a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being.” Drugs may be prescribed for a limited duration, or on a regular basis for chronic disorders.
    • DIETARY SUPPLEMENT: Congress defined the term “dietary supplement” in the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994.
      • A dietary supplement is a product taken by mouth that contains a “dietary ingredient” intended to supplement the diet. The “dietary ingredients” in these products may include: vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances such as enzymes, organ tissues, glandulars, and metabolites.
      • Dietary supplements can also be extracts or concentrates, and may be found in many forms such as tablets, capsules, softgels, gelcaps, liquids, or powders. They can also be in other forms, such as a bar, but if they are, information on their label must not represent the product as a conventional food or a sole item of a meal or diet.
      • Whatever their form may be, DSHEA places dietary supplements in a special category under the general umbrella of “foods,” not drugs, and requires that every supplement be labeled a dietary supplement.

INGESTION

  • Drugs and supplements can be ingested in several types formulations
  • Type of formulations
    • Solution
    • Elixir
    • Suspension
    • Softgel
    • Capsule
    • Tablet
  • Listed in order of how fast they are absorbed into the blood stream

DISINTEGRATION

  • This applies to
    • Capsules: must disintegrate or open to release the drug and/or supplement
    • Softgels: The gelatin coating must disintegrate to release the drug and/or supplement.
    • Tablets: must disintegrate (break apart) into small particles

DISSOLUTION

  • After the drug is disintegrated it must dissolve in the gastrointestinal fluid before it can be absorbed into blood stream.
  • This applies to:
    • Suspensions: Suspensions are drugs/supplements particles suspended in a fluid. They do not dissolve in this fluid.
    • Capsules: The disintegrated capsule must dissolve.
    • Tablets: The disintegrated tablet must dissolve.

BIO-AVAILABILITY

  • Bio-availability of a drug and/or supplement is the percentage/amount of the drug that reaches the blood stream.
  • Many factors affect this most important pharmacokinetic process including:
    • The drug or supplement itself
    • Individual or patient specific factors
    • Disease conditions
    • Diet
    • And many more

FIRST-PASS EFFECT

  • Once absorbed into the blood stream the drug or supplement must pass through the liver where it may undergo metabolism.
  • The liver converts some drugs or supplements into active and/or inactive metabolites.
  • Depending on the drugs or supplements some metabolites may be toxic to the body and to the liver itself, kidneys, and other vital organs.
  • Some drugs or supplements inhibit the liver function while others stimulate the liver function.
    • Inhibition of liver function can cause higher levels of drug than intended which may harm you.
    • Stimulation of liver function can cause lower levels of drug than need to be effective.

PHARMACODYNAMICS

  • Once a drug or supplement passes through the liver, it must now travel to its intended target organ and bind to receptors in the organ in order to produce its effect.
  • Some drugs or supplements compete for the same receptor site. Therefore if you use two of more competing drugs, they may cancel out each other’s effect or one will not work.
  • More is NOT better because there is a limited number of receptor site. Using just the right amount of drug is therefore very important.
  • Remember that some drug metabolites may be toxic, therefore, the more drug you have in your system, the more toxic metabolite you may also have to affect your vital organs.

ELIMINATION

  • Once a drug or supplement has done its job, it must be eliminated from the body.
  • Some drugs or supplements are eliminated via the kidney, liver, feces, and various body fluids.
  • Depending on the drug supplement, if it is not eliminated at the right time, it can further damage organs.
  • For example, if the drug or supplement is eliminated via the kidney and you have a kidney disease, the kidney will not be able to eliminate the drug leading to accumulation of the drug in the body.

SUMMARY

  • TO THE BODY, THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A DRUG AND A SUPPLEMENT
  • USE PREMIUM PRODUCTS DESIGNED BY REPUTABLE A COMPANY OR A KNOWLEDGEABLE HEALTH CARE PROFESSION
  • ASK IF THE PRODUCT DEVELOPER USES HIS/HER OWN PRODUCT; AND IF SO DOES HE/SHE LOOK LIKE WHAT THE LABEL SAYS
  • KNOW WHAT YOU PUT IN YOUR BODY
  • READ PRODUCT LABEL CAREFULLY
  • IF YOU DON’T NEED IT, DON’T USE IT AND IF YOU NEED IT, KNOW WHY
  • IF YOU USE IT, USE JUST THE RIGHT AMOUNT
  • “MAY YOU LIVE LONG AND HEALTHY”
  • “SCULPT YOUR MASTERPIECE”™

 

 

Disclaimer: This information is provided for informational purposes only, and is not meant to be a substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or for prescribing any medication or dietary supplement. You should carefully read and follow all product packaging and labeling instructions. You should consult with a health care professional before starting any diet, exercise, or supplement program. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you. Information and statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. KOFLEX SPORTS NUTRITION is not responsible for typographical errors.

Clenbuterol Use in Fitness and Bodybuilding

What is Clenbuterol?

Clenbuterol (commonly known as “Clen”) is a potent, long-lasting bronchodilator that is prescribed for human use outside of the U.S. It is abused generally by bodybuilders and athletes for its ability to increase lean muscle mass and reduce body fat (i.e., repartitioning effects). However, clenbuterol is also associated with significant adverse cardiovascular and neurological effects.

Is Clenbuterol Legal?

In the United States, clenbuterol is banned for human use. It is only approved for use in horses. In 1998, the Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the clenbuterol-based Ventipulmin Syrup, as a prescription-only drug for the treatment of airway obstruction in horses. This product is not intended for human use or for use in food-producing animals. Clenbuterol is also listed by the World Anti-Doping Agency and the International Olympic Committee as a performance enhancing drug. So, unless you’re a horse with bad lungs, this drug is illegal. In fact, any horse that received the drug cannot be slaughtered for food.

Outside the U.S., clenbuterol is available by prescription for the treatment of bronchial asthma in humans. It is available in tablets (0.01 or 0.02 mg per tablet) and liquid preparations. The recommended dosage is 0.02-0.03 mg twice daily.

How does Clenbuterol work?

Clenbuterol is a beta2-adrenergic agonist, which stimulates the beta2-adrenergic receptors on bronchial smooth muscle produces bronchodilation or opens up the airways. Llike other beta adrenergic agonists, clenbuterol can produce adverse cardiovascular and neurological effects, such as heart palpitations, muscle tremors, and nervousness. Activation of beta-adrenergic receptors also accounts for clenbuterol’s ability to increase lean muscle mass and reduce body fat, however, how  it reduces it does this is not yet clearly defined.

Why is Clenbuterol abused?

Clenbuterol is abused for its ability to change the body’s composition by reducing body fat and increasing skeletal muscle mass. It is typically abused by athletes and bodybuilders at dose of 60-120 µg per day (two to three times the recommended daily dose). It is often used in combination with other performance enhancing drugs, such as anabolic steroids, “pro hormones”, and growth hormone.

Clenbuterol is also illicitly given to livestock for ability to increase lean muscle mass and reduce body fat. This has resulted in several outbreaks of acute illness in Spain, France, Italy, China, and Portugal 0.5-3 hours after individuals ingested liver and meat containing clenbuterol residues. The symptoms, which included increased heart rate, nervousness, headache, muscular tremor, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills, typically resolved within 2 to 6 days. Because of this, the U.S. and some European countries actively monitor urine and tissue samples from livestock for the presence of clenbuterol.

There have also been reports of clenbuterol-tainted heroin and cocaine. Although no deaths were attributed to the clenbuterol exposures, the individuals were hospitalized for up to several days due to clenbuterol intoxication.

 

Who are the major abusers of Clenbuterol?

Clenbuterol is typically abused by athletes, including fitness athletes and bodybuilders. It is believed to be more popular among female athletes since its effects are not associated with the typical androgenic side effects such as growing facial hair, deepening of the voice, and thickening of the skin. Professional athletes in several different sports have tested positive for clenbuterol. lt is also marketed and abused for weight-loss purposes.

Where do people get Clenbuterol?

Clenbuterol is obtained by illegal importation from other countries where it is approved for human use. It is readily available on the Internet as tablets, syrup, and an injectable formulation. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and other forensic laboratories have reported numerous clenbuterol items since 2006 till now.  However because clenbuterol is to controlled in the United States, it is highly possible that the number of clenbuterol-containing drugs may be much higher than reported.

So my follow fitness enthusiasts, if you’re looking for something to build perfectly sculpted muscles, remember that the side effects associated with clenbuterol use far exceed the temporary benefits you gain from it. Try to avoid products that promise quick fixes if your overall health and wellbeing is more important to you than looking good; because you may end up looking real good in a box instead of in your clothes.